Vitreoretina department deals with the diseases of the posterior segment of the eye like diabetic retinopathy, retinal detachment, age related macular degeneration, infections, trauma, etc.
AEDI has a well established retina set up including services of trained retina specialists, latest investigative modalities like OCT, FFA, B scan and DORC vitrectomy platform for vitreoretinal surgeries.
What should you know about your retina check up?
1. Dilatation drops –
- a. Drops are instilled into your eye for examining your retina.
- b. You will need to wait in the OPD for ½ to 1 hour for the drops to take effect.
- c. The drops will cause blurring of vision for 3 to 4 hours.
2. After initial examination, if the primary physician feels the need, you will be referred for consultation with the retina specialist.
3. Specialized investigations may be required to diagnose and treat retinal diseases. These tests can be performed in the OPD.
- a. AEDI has latest diagnostics for retina like FFA, OCT and B scan.
- b. FFA –
- i. It is the angiography of the eye
- ii. A dye will be injected into the vein in your hand and images will be taken of your retina for upto 15 minutes.
- iii. This is a very useful investigative tool for diagnosing diseases of blood vessels of the retina like diabetic retinopathy, age related macular degeneration, etc
c. OCT –
- i. This test provides useful information about the macula, which is the central point of retina, which is most useful for vision.
- ii. It is a scan of the retina
- iii. It is useful for diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy, central serous retinopathy, age related macular degeneration, macular hole, etc.
d. B scan –
- i. It is the ultrasound scan of the eye
- ii. It is performed to know the basic details of the retina when the retina is not visible due to media opacity like in advanced cataract, vitreous hemorrhage (bleeding into the posterior part of the eye)
4. AEDI offers medical and surgical retina services through trained retina specialists.
- a. Medical retina –
- i. Retinal laser – This can be performed in the OPD. One or more sittings may be required depending upon the severity of the disease. This is useful to treat diseases like diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, retinal holes and tears, etc.
- ii. Intravitreal injections – They are performed in the operating theater. This is performed to deliver the drug directly to the posterior segment of the eye near the retina. This is useful to treat diseases like diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, age related macular degeneration, etc.
- b. Surgical retina –
- i. Some retinal diseases need surgical intervention.
- ii. AEDI has the DORC operating platform for performing vitreoretinal surgeries.
- iii. Some of the diseases which may need surgery are retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, dislocation of the lens, epiretinal membrane, macular hole, intraocular infections, etc.