Cataract Treatment Hospital Gurgaon

Cataracts are a very common condition, particularly among older adults. However, treatment options for cataracts can be very different depending on an individual’s situation. While mild cataracts might require no more than a new eyeglasses prescription, advanced cataracts often require surgery. At Ahooja Eye & Dental Institute (AEDI), our team of specialists can help you decide which options are best for you.

AEDI is equipped with state-of-the art technology for performing cataract surgeries. We have two fully equipped operation theaters, designed according to NABH standards. The sterilization techniques, instrumentations and surgical techniques at AEDI are of international standards, making the entire procedure safe and least traumatic to the patient.

List of Cataract Treatment Available at AEDI

There are different types of cataracts. They’re classified based on where and how they develop in your eye.

  • Nuclear cataracts form in the middle of the lens and cause the nucleus, or the center, to become yellow or brown.
  • Cortical cataracts are wedge-shaped and form around the edges of the nucleus.
  • Posterior capsular cataracts form faster than the other two types and affect the back of the lens.
  • Congenital cataracts, which are present at birth or form during a baby’s first year, are less common than age-related cataracts.
  • Secondary cataracts are caused by disease or medications. Diseases that are linked with the development of cataracts include glaucoma and diabetes. The use of the steroid prednisone and other medications can sometimes lead to cataracts.
  • Traumatic cataracts develop after an injury to the eye, but it can take several years for this to happen.
  • Radiation cataracts can form after a person undergoes radiation treatment for cancer.
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We have one of the top platforms for cataract surgery in the world – the Infinity and also the DORC system, which makes it possible to perform surgery with incisions of 3mm or less, making the procedure sutureless, with faster and better visual outcomes after surgery. We also have facility for performing surgery under general anesthesia, making it possible for performing pediatric cataract surgeries too.

We have a vast range of intraocular lenses available, which can be tailored according the need of the patient. We also offer toric IOLs to correct astigmatism, multifocal IOLs which can correct near and distance vision to give total freedom from spectacles after cataract surgery. Phakic IOLs are also performed for correction of high refractive errors in patients for whom LASIK is not a safe option.

Precise IOL power calculation is as important as the surgery itself to provide good vision. We have immersion biometry and good corneal topographer (Pentacam) to minimize errors in IOL calculation.

All About Cataract

1. What is cataract?
Cataract is opacification of natural crystalline lens, which leads to blurring of vision.

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2. Is surgery the only treatment for cataract?
Very early stages of cataract can be treated with glasses, but with progression of cataract, surgery is the only option available.

3. What are the causes of cataract?
Ageing is the most common cause of cataract. Trauma, diabetes, intraocular inflammation, steroid intake are a few of the other causes of cataract.

4. What are the symptoms of cataract?
Decreased vision which is gradually progressive is the most common symptom. Frequent change in glasses, and very rarely, in complicated cataract, pain and red eye can also be present.

5. What are the complications of cataract?
Vision progressively decreases till only light perception remains. Advanced stages can lead to increased pressure in the eye and a condition called glaucoma, where the nerve of the eye gets damaged, leading to irreversible loss of vision.

6. What is the basic technique of cataract surgery?
Sutureless cataract surgery is the standard of care which is accepted universally. With the advanced technology available today, Phacoemulsification has become the most frequently performed surgery, where cataract can be removed from incisions less than 3 mm, by breaking the cataract using ultrasound energy, and a foldable intraocular lens is implanted into the bag which had the natural lens.

7. What are the types of intraocular lenses available?
Monofocal IOLs can correct distance vision only, and near vision spectacles will be required after surgery.

Toric IOLs can correct pre-existing astigmatism also.

Multifocal IOLs can correct distance and near vision after surgery, and patient can be totally spectacle free after surgery.

8. What are the pre-operative investigations required?
Vision testing, detailed eye examination, including dilated evaluation is performed in the OPD. After confirming the diagnosis of cataract, IOL power calculation, blood pressure, blood sugar and ECG are routinely performed in all patients. Other investigations may be advised, which are tailored according to the systemic complaints of the patients.

9. What happens on the day of the surgery?
Cataract surgery is a day care procedure – meaning overnight admission in the hospital is not needed. Patient is admitted in the ward, BP and blood sugar is tested, the eye for surgery is dilated. Anesthetist evaluates the patient prior to surgery. A small injection may be required for local anesthesia. After surgery, patient is discharged home.

10. What are the restrictions to be followed after surgery?
Avoid putting water into the eye upto 10 days after surgery, wear protective goggles and avoid dust entering the eye.

11. Till when are eye drops required after surgery?
Normally, eye drops are required upto 4 to 6 weeks after surgery.

12. When are glasses prescribed after cataract surgery?
Glasses are prescribed 4 to 6 weeks after surgery.

13. When can the patient resume normal activities after surgery?
The normal activities can be resumed as soon as the patient is able to, which can be from the very next day of surgery.